Vojnosanitetski Pregled (Jan 2012)

Penetrating wound of the heart manifested with periphery embolism: Case report

  • Velinović Miloš,
  • Vraneš Mile,
  • Obrenović-Kirćanski Biljana,
  • Putnik Svetozar,
  • Mikić Aleksandar,
  • Savić Dragutin,
  • Karan Radmila,
  • Kovačević-Kostić Nataša

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 69, no. 9
pp. 803 – 805


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Introduction. Heart injuries can be classified as penetrating and non-penetrating (blunt). Penetrating wounds are usually caused by stabbing with a piercing object, weapon or projectiles - missiles. The right atrium is damaged in most cases, because of its anatomical position - making the most of the anterior side of the heart. Morbidity caused by stabbing injuries to the heart is 20%-30%, while piercing wounds cause 30%-60% of deaths. Case report. A 28-year-old patient was admitted to our clinic with acute ischemia of the extremities. Angiography revealed a bullet in the right common femoral artery, occluding it. The patient denied having any piercing or shooting wound to his leg, but he said that four years before he had been shot to his chest. Echocardiography revealed an atrial septal defect of secondary type. An event reconstruction revealed that, four years after shooting, the bullet was displaced from the heart to the right common femoral artery. Conclusion. This case report is unique because of the rare type of injury, time that passed from the injury, the way bullet entered the artery (via atrial septal defect) and especially the success of both surgical procedures (embolectomy and repair of atrial septal defect).