Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences (Mar 2017)

Effect of Total Alkali in Leonuri Herba on rat ear acne model of serum IL-6 level, Thymus and Spleen Tissue Morphology

  • Yan Li,
  • Peng Xi,
  • Tan Wang,
  • Ming San Miao

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 24, no. 3
pp. 718 – 723


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To investigate the effect of Total Alkali in Leonuri Herba (TALH) on rat ear acne model of serum IL-6 level, Thymus and Spleen Tissue Morphology. The rats were divided into the TALH group at high, medium and low doses (200 mg kg−1, 100 mg·kg−1, 50 mg·kg−1), the tanshinone group (360 mg·kg−1), model group and the blank group. All the rats were administrated once a day for 14 days. At the same time on the first day, the rats in the blank group were injected normal saline in the stomach and also had intradermal injection of sterile saline in the auricle. The rats in other groups (model group were lavaged with physiological saline) were injected intradermally auricle spare Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria liquid. After the injection, the rat ear swelling rate was calculated for 5 consecutive days in terms of rat auricle thickness measurement. 1 h after the last administration, the eyeball blood was removed, centrifuged to separate serum, and measured to be at serum IL-6 level; The tissue sections of thymus and spleen were observed according to morphology criteria. Compared with the blank group, the level of IL-6 in serum of the rats in the model group was remarkably higher, and those in the thymus and spleen groups were remarkably lower, indicating the rat ear acne model is successful. Compared with the model group, the rats in the TALH group can remarkably make serum IL-6 level decrease, causing significant thymus cortical thickening and increased spleen sections, and remarkably increasing the lymphocytes of thymus and spleen. The effect of large dose in the TALH group is the best and increases with the increase of the dose and curative effect. The TALH treatment of acne may be related to the reduction of serum IL-6 levels and the resistance of the atrophy of the thymus and spleen on the rat ear acne model.