The Conceptual Design of a Mechatronic System to Handle Bedridden Elderly Individuals

Sensors. 2016;16(5):725 DOI 10.3390/s16050725

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Sensors

ISSN: 1424-8220 (Online)

Publisher: MDPI AG

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Chemical technology

Country of publisher: Switzerland

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB, XML

 

AUTHORS

Silva Bruno (R & D MEtRICs, School of Engineering, University of Minho, Guimarães 4804-533, Portugal)
Machado José (R & D MEtRICs, School of Engineering, University of Minho, Guimarães 4804-533, Portugal)
Soares Filomena (R & D Algoritmi, School of Engineering, University of Minho, Guimarães 4804-533, Portugal)
Carvalho Vítor (R & D Algoritmi, School of Engineering, University of Minho, Guimarães 4804-533, Portugal)
Matos Demétrio (R & D MEtRICs, School of Engineering, University of Minho, Guimarães 4804-533, Portugal)
Bezerra Karolina (R & D MEtRICs, School of Engineering, University of Minho, Guimarães 4804-533, Portugal)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 11 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The ever-growing percentage of elderly people in developed countries have made Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) solutions an important subject to be explored and developed. The increase in geriatric care requests are overburdening specialized institutions that cannot cope with the demand for support. Patients are forced to have to remain at their homes encumbering the spouse or close family members with the caregiver role. This caregiver is not always physically and technically apt to assist the bedridden person with his/her meals and hygiene/bath routine. Consequently, a solution to assist caregivers in these tasks is of the utmost importance. This paper presents an approach for supporting caregivers when moving and repositioning Bedridden Elderly Peoples (BEPs) in home settings by means of a mechatronic system inspired by industrial conveyers. The proposed solution is able to insert itself underneath the patient, due to its low-profile structural properties, and retrieve and reallocate him/her. Ideally, the proposed mechatronic system aims to promote autonomy by reducing handling complexity, alter the role of the caregiver from physically handler of the BEP to an operator/supervisor role, and lessen the amount of effort expended by caregivers and BEPs alike.