Frontiers in Neurology (Jan 2020)

Utility of Absolute Quantification in Non-lesional Extratemporal Lobe Epilepsy Using FDG PET/MR Imaging

  • Tatjana Traub-Weidinger,
  • Otto Muzik,
  • Lalith Kumar Shiyam Sundar,
  • Susanne Aull-Watschinger,
  • Thomas Beyer,
  • Marcus Hacker,
  • Andreas Hahn,
  • Gregor Kasprian,
  • Eva-Maria Klebermass,
  • Rupert Lanzenberger,
  • Markus Mitterhauser,
  • Markus Mitterhauser,
  • Magdalena Pilz,
  • Ivo Rausch,
  • Lucas Rischka,
  • Wolfgang Wadsak,
  • Wolfgang Wadsak,
  • Ekaterina Pataraia

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 11


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The purpose of this study was to establish a non-invasive clinical PET/MR protocol using [18F]-labeled deoxyglucose (FDG) that provides physicians with regional metabolic rate of glucose (MRGlc) values and to clarify the contribution of absolute quantification to clinical management of patients with non-lesional extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE). The study included a group of 15 patients with non-lesional ETLE who underwent a dynamic FDG PET study using a fully-integrated PET/MRI system (Siemens Biograph). FDG tracer uptake images were converted to MRGlc (μmol/100 g/min) maps using an image derived input function that was extracted based on the combined analysis of PET and MRI data. In addition, the same protocol was applied to a group of healthy controls, yielding a normative database. Abnormality maps for ETLE patients were created with respect to the normative database, defining significant hypo- or hyper-metabolic regions that exceeded ±2 SD of normal regional mean MRGlc values. Abnormality maps derived from MRGlc images of ETLE patients contributed to the localization of hypo-metabolic areas against visual readings in 53% and increased the confidence in the original clinical readings in 33% of all cases. Moreover, quantification allowed identification of hyper-metabolic areas that are associated with frequently spiking cortex, rarely acknowledged in clinical readings. Overall, besides providing some confirmatory information to visual readings, quantitative PET imaging demonstrated only a moderate impact on clinical management of patients with complex pathology that leads to epileptic seizures, failing to provide new decisive information that would have changed classification of patients from being rejected to being considered for surgical intervention.