Scientific Reports (Jun 2022)

A compact evolved antenna for 5G communications

  • I. Marasco,
  • G. Niro,
  • V. M. Mastronardi,
  • F. Rizzi,
  • A. D’Orazio,
  • M. De Vittorio,
  • M. Grande

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 12, no. 1
pp. 1 – 11


Read online

Abstract Flexible and bendable electronics are gaining a lot of interest in these last years. In this scenario, compact antennas on flexible substrates represent a strategical technological step to pave the way to a new class of wearable systems. A crucial issue to overcome is represented by the poor radiation properties of compact antennas, especially in the case of flexible and thin substrates. In this paper, we propose an innovative design of a miniaturized evolved patch antenna whose radiation properties have been enhanced with a Split Ring Resonator (SRR) placed between the top and the ground plane. The antenna has been realized on a flexible and biocompatible substrate polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) of 250 μm by means of a new fabrication protocol that involves a three-layer 3D-inkjet printing and an alignment step. The antenna has been characterized in terms of the scattering parameter S11 and the radiation pattern showing a good agreement between simulations and measurements.