Rather Spirit-filled than learned! Pentecostalism's tradition of anti-intellectualism and Pentecostal theological scholarship

Verbum et Ecclesia. 2016;37(1) DOI 10.4102/ve.v37i1.1533

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Verbum et Ecclesia

ISSN: 1609-9982 (Print); 2074-7705 (Online)

Publisher: AOSIS

Society/Institution: University of Pretoria, Centre for Ministerial Development of the Dutch Reformed Church (Exelsus)

LCC Subject Category: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Religions. Mythology. Rationalism: Religion (General)

Country of publisher: South Africa

Language of fulltext: German, Afrikaans, English, Dutch; Flemish

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB, XML

 

AUTHORS

Marius Nel (Research Unit, Faculty of Theology, North-West University)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 17 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<p>The beginnings and first half-century of South African Pentecostalism are characterised by a tradition of anti-intellectualism consisting of a rejection of theological training, a critical and negative attitude towards theologians, and criticism of the academic world in general. This led to Pentecostals being seen as outsiders without a theological tradition or any contribution to be made to the theological world, or even any interest in developing and formulating a theological structure that can compare or contrast with other theological structures. The historical phenomenon of anti-intellectualism is described in terms of its complicated motivation and nature before the rise of Pentecostal theological scholarship is investigated in terms of its historical development and nature. The article closes with some remarks about the future of Pentecostal theological scholarship.</p><p><strong>Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications:</strong> The article reflects a historical survey of attitudes within the South African Pentecostal churches towards academic endeavours and theological reflection, showing how it changed from anti-intellectualism toward a more positive attitude with certain reservations and allowing for the development of Pentecostal scholarship. For historical reasons South African tertiary education has been closed for Pentecostal scholarship, although the situation will be changing in the near future because of the Pentecostal influence.</p><p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Anti-intellectualism; Pentecostalism; scholarship; theological training</p>