The present article has as an objective to make a historical contextualization in relation to the teacher’s formation of the Primary school teachers in Brazil and in the state of Minas Gerais, with emphasis on the rural and school teachers. As a methodological procedure, we used the bibliographic research on the topic. The article discusses the weaknesses in relation to the public policies directed to the farmer and the “interest” to invest in the rural education. On behalf of the speech to reverse the “backwardness” of agriculture, to lay the man in the countryside, to reduce the existing illiteracy, as well as modernizing the country, was created specific institutions for teacher’s training in some Brazilian states and among them Minas Gerais. As result, has become very clear that the concern with Rural Education in Minas Gerais became evident after 1950, time from which began to be observed the need to train rural teachers, provided with specific knowledge and contextualized to be able to develop a process of civilization of the rural environment. It can be assumed, through observation that Brazilian public policies have presented fragility regarding to Rural Education, developing slowly, disconnected and delayed in relation to urban educational initiatives.