Mobilność i migracje chłopów do miast polskich doby preindustrialnej. Z badań nad mikroregionem krakowskim

Przeszłość Demograficzna Polski. 2015;37 DOI 10.18276/pdp.2015.2.37-05


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Journal Title: Przeszłość Demograficzna Polski

ISSN: 0079-7189 (Print)

Publisher: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego

Society/Institution: University of Szczecin

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Poland | Social Sciences: Economic theory. Demography: Demography. Population. Vital events

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: Polish, English, German

Full-text formats available: PDF



Mateusz Wyżga (Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie, Wydział Humanistyczny)


Double blind peer review

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Time From Submission to Publication: 20 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The migrations of peasants to Polish towns, which are considered inside migrations, in the pre-industrial era were intensive and similar to the ones in the countries of Western Europe. The sources prove the existence of permanent multi-generational migration networks that ensured a better start of a new life in towns for peasants, and an input of reliable workforce for towns. The migration processes slowed down in the 18th century, which was the result of the intensification of secondary serfdom, closing of villages, an economic decline of Polish towns at the expense of the gentry and an overall economic depression. All that is clearly visible in Cracow, where all the municipal registers and a significant part of birth and death certificates have survived. It turns out that towns influenced the increase of peasant territorial and spatial mobility, generated an increase of peasants’ enterprise, helped them to differentiate towards activities not related to agriculture, and weakened the feudal relations.