Network Analysis for a Better Water Use Configuration in the Baiyangdian Basin, China

Sustainability. 2015;7(2):1730-1741 DOI 10.3390/su7021730

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Sustainability

ISSN: 2071-1050 (Online)

Publisher: MDPI AG

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering: Environmental effects of industries and plants | Technology: Mechanical engineering and machinery: Renewable energy sources | Geography. Anthropology. Recreation: Environmental sciences

Country of publisher: Switzerland

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, ePUB, XML

 

AUTHORS

Xufeng Mao (Key Laboratory of Tibetan Plateau Environment and Resources (Ministry of Education), College of Life and Geography Sciences, Qinghai Normal University, Qinghai 810000, China)
Donghai Yuan (Key Laboratory of Urban Stormwater System and Water Environment (Ministry of Education), Beijing Climate Change Response Research and Education Center, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China)
Xiaoyan Wei (Key Laboratory of Tibetan Plateau Environment and Resources (Ministry of Education), College of Life and Geography Sciences, Qinghai Normal University, Qinghai 810000, China)
Qiong Chen (Key Laboratory of Tibetan Plateau Environment and Resources (Ministry of Education), College of Life and Geography Sciences, Qinghai Normal University, Qinghai 810000, China)
Chenling Yan (Environmental Sanitation Information Room, Beijing Environmental Sanitation Engineering Research Institute, Beijing 100028, China)
Liansheng He (Water Environment System Project Laboratory, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 11 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Nowadays, an increasing shortage of water resources intensifies the contradiction among different water-using sectors in the social-economic-ecological complex system. To adjust water used configuration in a holistic framework, a water use system (WUS) model was constructed with inclusive five water-using sectors including aquatic systems, primary industry, secondary industry, tertiary industry and resident consumption. The Baiyangdian Basin in Northern China was used as a case area. Six years data from 2008 to 2013 were used to quantify the model. By introducing the ecological network analysis (EAN), we holistically assessed the WUS under different water use configuration. System organization, activities and development degree, etc. were used to character the prosperities of the water use system. Results indicate that the WUS encountered a lasting degradation in system organization (AMI index decreased in an annual rate of 0.6%) and development degree though with an ascending system activities in the studies periods (with an annual growth rate of 11.3%). Scenario analysis results suggest several potential ways to achieve a better water use configuration in this basin, such as environmental and ecological restoration, water-saving technology and water recycling rate, etc. The current study may provide ways to optimize water use structure to balance the interests of different sectors both ecologically and economically.