Cancer Management and Research (2020-04-01)

MicroRNA-584 Impairs Cellular Proliferation and Sensitizes Osteosarcoma Cells to Cisplatin and Taxanes by Targeting CCN2

  • Li L,
  • Kong X,
  • Zang M,
  • Hu B,
  • Fang X,
  • Gui B,
  • Hu Y

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 12
pp. 2577 – 2587

Abstract

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Li Li,1,2,* Xiang’an Kong,2,* Mousheng Zang,2 Bin Hu,2 Xing Fang,2 Binjie Gui,1 Yong Hu1 1Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Orthopedics, The Second People’s Hospital of Hefei, The Affiliated Hefei Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Yong Hu Tel +86-551-62923605Email [email protected]: Osteosarcoma (OS), an aggressive malignant neoplasm, exhibits osteoblastic differentiation. Cisplatin (DDP) and taxanes are among the most effective drugs for OS patients. Nevertheless, the drug resistance remains a main limitation to efficacious chemotherapy in OS. The current report sets to explore the biological function of microRNA-584 (miR-584) and the potential mechanism underlying OS cells resistance to these two drugs.Materials and Methods: The expression profiles of miR-584 and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF, CCN2) in OS tissue samples and cell lines were tested by means of reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. U2OS and MG63 cell lines were delivered with miR-584 mimic alone or plus CCN2 to excavate theirs functions by cell counting kit-8 and EdU, flow cytometric analysis, as well as transwell assay, severally. Western bot analysis was conducted to examine the expression of IκBα, pIκBα, NF-κB and pNF-κB. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was carried out to assess the targets of miR-584.Results: The downregulation of miR-584 was identified in OS tissues and cells, which was closely linked to the dismal prognosis of OS patients. Overexpression of miR-584 repressed cell viability, migration as well as invasion, potentiated apoptosis and sensitized OS cells to DDP and taxanes. Mechanism investigation specified a direct targeting relationship between CCN2 and miR-584 in OS.Conclusion: In conclusion, miR-584 has the potency to act as a therapeutic maneuver for OS mainly by inducing the chemosensitivity of OS cells to DDP and taxanes.Keywords: osteosarcoma, microRNA-584, CCN2, the IκBα/NF-κB signaling pathway, chemoresistance

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