Remote Sensing (2021-01-01)

Unstructured Road Segmentation Based on Road Boundary Enhancement Point-Cylinder Network Using LiDAR Sensor

  • Zijian Zhu,
  • Xu Li,
  • Jianhua Xu,
  • Jianhua Yuan,
  • Ju Tao

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13030495
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 13, no. 495
p. 495

Abstract

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The segmentation of unstructured roads, a key technology in self-driving technology, remains a challenging problem. At present, most unstructured road segmentation algorithms are based on cameras or use LiDAR for projection, which has considerable limitations that the camera will fail at night, and the projection method will lose one-dimensional information. Therefore, this paper proposes a road boundary enhancement Point-Cylinder Network, called BE-PCFCN, which uses Point-Cylinder in order to extract point cloud features directly and integrates the road enhancement module to achieve accurate unstructured road segmentation. Firstly, we use the improved RANSAC-Boundary algorithm to calculate the rough road boundary point set, training in the same parameters with the original point cloud as a submodule. The whole network adopts the encoder and decoder structure, using Point-Cylinder as the basic module, while considering the data locality and the algorithm complexity. Subsequently, we made an unstructured road data set for training and compared it with existing LiDAR(Light Detection And Ranging) semantic segmentation algorithms. Finally, the experiment verified the robustness of BE-PCFCN. The road intersection-over-union (IoU) was increased by 4% when compared with the best existing algorithm, reaching 95.6%. Even on unstructured roads with an extremely irregular shape, BE-PCFCN also currently has the best segmentation results.

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