Stem Cell Research (May 2019)

Analysis of mesenchymal cells (MSCs) from bone marrow, synovial fluid and mesenteric, neck and tail adipose tissue sources from equines

  • Magdalena Arévalo-Turrubiarte,
  • Chiara Olmeo,
  • Paolo Accornero,
  • Mario Baratta,
  • Eugenio Martignani

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 37


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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used in equines as an alternative therapy. A comparative study about the phenotype and in vitro performance of different MSCs tissue sources in adult equines was needed. This study might serve to provide the knowledge to select a valuable harvesting source of MSCs. Bone marrow, synovial and adipose (mesenteric, neck and tail fat) tissues were collected from adult equines.Cell surface markers expression (CD11α/CD18, CD45, CD79α, CD90, CD105 and MHC II) and in vitro differentiation assays were made. In vitro cell migration, cell growth and wound healing capacity tests helped to study their behavior and properties. MSCs phenotype was positively confirmed by the cell surfaces markers and a tri-lineage differentiation profile. Bone marrow cells showed the highest migration capacity, while synovial fluid cells displayed the highest cell growth. Bone marrow cells showed a better wound healing when compared with all the different MSCs. We conclude that bone marrow, synovial and adipose tissue derived from adult equines are a good source for cell therapy but they conserve different functional properties: bone marrow showed an interesting migration and wound healing capacity while synovial fluid cells and their highest cell growth suggest that these MSCs would yield higher cell numbers in a shorter time. Keywords: Mesenchymal stem cells, Equine, Proliferation, Differentiation